Veronica Mars has made a mark in television history for its progressive elements and feminist sensibilities. Its title character (played by the phenomenal Kristen Bell) is a wisecracking, taser-wielding, whip-smart trailblazer with a proclivity for snooping and a higher level of badassery. Veronica has agency and a disregard for social convention, and is recognised for her complexities. She is brave, clever, incredibly flawed, and above all, completely human.

Here are two complex females in literature, who, like the brilliant Veronica Mars, have busted common tropes and are fantastic characters in their own right:

Flavia de Luce (from a series of historical mysteries by Alan Bradley):

Flavia de Luce is eleven years old. She is precocious, tenacious, and shows signs of being a mad genius. Unlike most kids her age, she has an astounding knowledge of chemistry, a wide vocabulary, and a penchant for mysteries. In her relentless pursuit to seek answers and satisfy her curiosity, Flavia finds herself in all kinds of trouble but manages to free herself through cleverness and sheer will.

Lisbeth Salander (from The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo series by Stieg Larsson):

There has never been a heroine quite like Lisbeth Salander. A fiercely anti-social mad genius and ferocious warrior princess, Lisbeth uses her talents to expose corruption and protect those who cannot protect themselves. Her anonymity, world-class computer hacking skills, photographic memory, and supreme intelligence make her the perfect super-sleuth and ultimate feminist heroine. As someone who has endured so much at such a young age, Lisbeth has developed a high tolerance for pain, a strict moral code, and venomous cynicism. But while Lisbeth shows confidence in her role as a vigilante, she desperately attempts to conceal her sense of vulnerability. She may be racked by self-doubt, but she can still ruin someone’s life with just a few clicks on the computer or a fatal kick to the groin.