he famous novel “1984” by George Orwell describes an all-seeing country that has the ability to follow every single step of their citizens. Once, it could not sound like anything but fantastic, far from reality, right?

Well, a lot of Orwell’s predictions are now real – from CCTVs to Internet and Facebook. Apart from George Orwell, it turns out that quite a few writers have managed to predict some things that will happen in the future.

#1. “Gulliver’s Travels” (Jonathan Swift, 1726) – predicts that Mars has two satellites. In 1877 the two satellites of Mars were actually discovered.


#2. From the Earth to the Moon” (Jules Verne, 1865) – predicts two things. 1) Lunar modules will be launched from the state of Florida. They will return as capsules falling into the ocean. 2) Solar panels. The first one was used in the Apollo 11 mission (1969) and the second was successfully used in IKAROS (2010).


#3. Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea” (Jules Verne, 1870) – predicts electric submarines. In the 1960’s they were invented.


#4.”Looking Backward” (Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward, 2000-1887) – predicts credit/debit cards. They were invented in the 1950’s.


#5. “In the Year 2889” (Jules Verne, 1889) – spelling words in the sky and a video chat. The first one happened in 1915 during an avio show in San Francisco. In 1964 AT & T presented Picturephone.


#6. “When the Sleeper Wakes” (Herbert Wells, 1899) – predicts automatic doors. Invented in 1960.


#7. “The Land Ironclads” (Herbert Wells, 1903) – Predicts Tanks. In 1916 a tank was used for the first time.


#8. “The City and the Stars” (Arthur Clarke, 1956) – predicts the virtual reality in computer games. In 1966, the first virtual simulator was invented.


#9. “A Fall of Moondust” (Arthur C. Clark, 1961) – Space Tourism. In 2001, Dennis Tito became the first traveller in open space.


#10. “Stand on Zanzibar” (John Brainer, 1968) – predicts most of the things and events we witness nowadays such as:

  • On-demand television – 650 similar services are offered in Europe in 2009.

  • Satellite TV – In 1972, the first satellite TV broadcasting took place n North America.

  • – Laser Printers – In 1976, the first commercial laser printer was presented.

  • – The distribution and usage of electric cars – in 2010, the Nissan Leaf is one of the best-selling models of this type.

  • – The European Union – established in 1993.

  • – Decriminalisation of marijuana – in 2012, the states of Washington and Colorado legalize the small quantities of cannabis.